present

present [prez′ənt; ] for v. [ prē zent′, prizent′]
adj.
[OFr < L praesens, prp. of praeesse, to be present < prae-, before (see PRE-) + esse, to be (see ESSENCE)]
1.
a) being at the specified or understood place; at hand; in attendance
b) existing (in a particular thing) [nitrogen is present in the air]
2. of or at this time; existing or happening now; in progress
3. now being discussed, considered, written, read, etc. [the present writer]
4. Archaic readily available, effective, etc.
5. Obs.
a) self-possessed; collected
b) paying attention
6. Gram. indicating action as now taking place (Ex.: she goes) or state as now existing (Ex.: the plums are ripe), action that is habitual (Ex.: he speaks with an accent), or action that is always the same (Ex.: the clock strikes twelve at noon): see also HISTORICAL PRESENT
n.
1. the present time
2. Obs. the present occasion
3. [pl.]
a) the present words or writings
b) Law this very document [know by these presents]
4. Gram.
a) the present tense
b) a verb form in this tense
5. [OFr, in phr. mettre en present à, to put before (someone), present, offer, hence a gift] something presented, or given; gift
vt.
present [ME presenten < OFr presenter < L praesentare, to place before, lit., to make present < praesens: see PRESENT the adj.]
1. to bring (a person) into the presence of, and introduce formally to, another or others
2.
a) to honor (someone), esp. formally, with a gift, award, etc. [the mayor presented him with the keys to the city]
b) to provide or confront (someone) with something [this presents us with a difficult problem]
3.
a) to offer for viewing or notice; exhibit; display; show
b) to offer (a show, exhibit, etc.) to the public
4. to offer for consideration [to present a plan, opportunity, etc.]
5. to give (a gift, donation, award, etc.) to a person, organization, etc.
6. to hand over, give, or send (a bill, credentials, etc.) to someone
7. to represent, depict, or interpret in the manner indicated
8. to point or aim (a weapon, etc.)
9. to nominate to an ecclesiastical benefice
10. Law
a) to put before a legislature, court, etc. for consideration
b) to bring a charge or indictment against
vi.
present
to come before a physician (with a particular symptom, medical history, etc.)
SYN.- GIVE
——————
present arms Mil.
1. to hold a rifle vertically in front of the body, with the muzzle up: a position of salute
2.
a) this position
b) the command to assume it
SYN.- PRESENT and GIFT both refer to something given as an expression of friendship, affection, esteem, etc., but GIFT more often suggests formal bestowal [Christmas presents, the painting was a gift to the museum ]; DONATION applies to a gift of money, etc. for a philanthropic, charitable, or religious purpose, esp. as solicited in a public drive for funds [a donation to the orchestra fund ]; GRATUITY applies to a gift of money, etc. for services rendered, such as a tip to a waiter

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • présent — présent, ente 1. (pré zan, zan t ) adj. 1°   Qui est dans le lieu où l on est ou dont on parle. •   Il [le roi] parla encore une autre fois fort bien de M. Colbert sur cette matière des finances, M. Seignelay présent, PELLISSON Lett. hist. t. I,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • present — pre·sent 1 /pri zent/ vt 1: to lay before a court as an object of consideration present a complaint present ed a defense of insanity 2: to make a presentment of (an instrument) pre·sen·ta·tion /ˌprē ˌzen tā shən, ˌpre , zən / …   Law dictionary

  • Present — ist eine belgische Avantgarde Rock Gruppe, die von Roger Trigaux (Gitarre, Keyboards, Vocals) 1979 gegründet wurde.[1] Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Mitglieder (Stand 2011) 3 Ehemalige Mitglieder u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Present — Pres ent, a. [F. pr[ e]sent, L. praesens, entis, that is before one, in sight or at hand, p. p. of praeesse to be before; prae before + esse to be. See {Essence}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Being at hand, within reach or call, within certain contemplated …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pres ent, n. [Cf. F. pr[ e]sent. See {Present}, a.] 1. Present time; the time being; time in progress now, or at the moment contemplated; as, at this present. [1913 Webster] Past and present, wound in one. Tennyson. [1913 Webster] 2. pl. (Law)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Present — Pre*sent , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Presented}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Presenting}.] [F. pr[ e]senter, L. praesentare, fr. praesens, a. See {Present}, a.] 1. To bring or introduce into the presence of some one, especially of a superior; to introduce… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • present — Ⅰ. present [1] ► ADJECTIVE 1) being or occurring in a particular place. 2) existing or occurring now. 3) Grammar (of a tense or participle) expressing an action now going on or habitually performed, or a condition now existing. ► NOUN 1) ( …   English terms dictionary

  • present — pre‧sent [prɪˈzent] verb [transitive] 1. to make a speech introducing an idea, plan etc to be considered: • a lack of evidence presented by prosecutors present something to somebody • The company has until July to restructure its debt and present …   Financial and business terms

  • Present — Présent Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • present — [adj1] existing; at this time ad hoc, already, at this moment, begun, being, coeval, commenced, contemporaneous, contemporary, current, even now, existent, extant, for the time being, going on, immediate, in duration, in process, instant, just… …   New thesaurus

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